Tragically, the United Nations has gone from being the Jews’ best friend to the Jews’ worst enemy. This descent not only hurts Israel and the Jewish people; it damages the U.N. itself. Like so many times before in Jewish history, the noxious, obsessive, attack on the collective Jew — in this case, Israel — has revealed deep flaws in the organization’s character and structure.
Back on November 29, 1947, the U.N. appeared to be the Jews’ savior. It was not just that the U.N. had recognized Jews’ rights to a Jewish state in Palestine. More important, the U.N. embodied the Allied ideals mobilized to defeat Nazism. Jews, particularly American Jews, believed in the U.N.’s promise — that this world body could solve conflicts with words, not weapons, advancing justice and peace in a world that had just devoured six million Jews.
By 1975, the U.N. had established itself as a brand name for doing good worldwide. The General Assembly’s Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, both adopted in December 1948, established a language and a legal structure for advancing human rights. U.N. peacekeepers, with their distinctive blue helmets, calmed the world’s most volatile flashpoints, patrolling in Cyprus, the Congo, and the Sinai. The U.N. also was — and remains — the most effective international social service agency in history, pushing economic reform, championing education in developing countries, fighting parasitic diseases, pressing for universal immunization, and, ultimately halving child mortality rates.
In 1975, however, the U.N. passed Resolution 3379 on November 10, declaring “Zionism is racism.” A year earlier, the General Assembly had invited the chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Yassir Arafat, to its podium. Arafat’s welcome to the world forum for peace traumatized Jews. But passing Resolution 3379 became a larger event because of Israel’s U.N. Ambassador Chaim Herzog and his American colleague, Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Moynihan made the American public aware that the Soviet Union had conspired with dozens of newly formed Third World countries to hijack the U.N. What had been a democratic forum celebrating democratic values now had Third World and Communist dictators using democratic norms they violated at home to pursue their totalitarian agenda in New York.1
The resolution hurt Israel but devastated the U.N. Even leading anti-Zionist academics like Noam Chomsky and Edward Said scoffed. Chomsky noted the “profound hypocrisy, given the nature of the states that backed it (including the Arab states),”2 as well as the sweeping denunciation of Israel’s very right to exist by “referring to Zionism as such rather than the policies of the State of Israel.”3 This twist made the resolution so potent, helping to elevate many attacks on Israeli actions to a broader repudiation of Israel’s legitimacy. Sir Brian Urquhart, the U.N. Under-Secretary-General for 14 years, would call the resolution “the stupidest thing anybody ever did at the U.N.… an absolutely mindless piece of provocation” that “did nothing for the Palestinians,” either.
Eventually, in 1991, the U.N. repealed the resolution — only the second repeal in U.N. history. The repeal came about because of bipartisan leadership from Americans, persistent pushing from Israel, effective Jewish community lobbying, and the Soviet Union’s collapse. Many former Soviet satellite states voted for the repeal to exorcise the nightmare of Soviet domination, given that the “Zionism is racism” resolution was, in Moynihan’s words, “the big Red lie.”
“Zionism is racism” became the most famous, and notorious, slogan ever associated with the U.N. It entered into international discourse, perpetuated by Arab diplomats, European intellectuals, American academics, and anti-Israel citizens of the world.
At the World Conference against Racism, held in Durban in 2001 — and its review conferences in 2009 and 2011 — the U.N. resurrected the charge. More broadly, since the 1970s — even during the Oslo decade of peace processing — Israel has repeatedly attracted more negative attention and more opprobrium than any other country. While the disproportionate and obsessive nature of the attacks against Israel appear almost medieval in their antisemitism, they also reflect the U.N.’s political dynamics. The United States is among the few countries willing to pay the high price in Third World support for siding with Israel over the Palestinians.
As a mark of the U.N.’s failure, one could easily write a history of recent attempts at Middle East peace without mentioning the U.N., but one could not write about the worldwide campaign to delegitimize Israel without focusing on the U.N. Rather than advancing universal justice and pursuing peace, the U.N. has demeaned itself by remaining the world headquarters for antisemitism and anti-Zionism.
1 See Daniel Patrick Moynihan, A Dangerous Place, with Suzanne Weaver, (Boston: Little Brown & Company, 1978).
2 Noam Chomsky, Fateful Triangle: The United States, Israel & the Palestinians, updated edition, (Cambridge, South End Press, 1983, 1999).
3 Edward Said, The Question of Palestine, (New York: Vintage Books, 1979, 1992). p. 111.email print